Administrative Divisions of Harbin

Harbin is divided into 9 districts, 2 county-level cities and 7 counties, which are all municipal corporations with their own government that provide most local government services.

◆The urban area of Harbin mainly includes Daoli district, Nangang district, Daowai district, Xiangfang district, Songbei district, and the suburb includes Pingfang district, Hulan district, Shuangcheng district and Acheng district. Among these districts, Daoli, Daowai, Nangang and Xiangfang are in the old area of the city.

Daoli district is located in the central place of Harbin, bordering on Songhua River. It is the main area of Harbin for commerce, finance and tourism, covering an area of 479.2 k㎡, among which the urban area is 22.6 k㎡. Daoli district has 4 towns, 1 township, and 18 subdistrict offices under its administration, and its population is 700,000.

Nangang district is the political and cultural center of Heilongjiang Province and Harbin. It covers an area of 182.9 k㎡, among which the urban area is 60 k㎡. Nangang district has 1 town, 1 township, and 18 subdistrict offices under its administration, and its population is 1,046,000.

Daowai district is located on the southern side of Songhua River in Harbin. It is an important commercial zone of Harbin. Historically, it used to be the opening old area. It covers an area of 256.6 km2, among which the urban area is 40.63 km2. Daowai district has 3 towns, 1 township, and 23 subdistict offices under its administration, and its population is 687,000.

Xiangfang district is the main scientific technological and industrial zone of Harbin. Harbin Development Zone and some large state-owned enterprises such as famous three Power Factories, Bearing Factory, Flax Factory, etc. are located in Xiangfang district. It covers an area of 208.5 k㎡, among which the urban area is 29.5 k㎡. Xiangfang district has 3 towns, 1 township, and 20 subdistrict offices under its administration, and its population is 753,000.

Pingfang district is located in the southwestern suburb of Harbin, and it is the main industrial zone of Harbin, covering an area of 98 k㎡, among which the urban area is 14.3 k㎡. Pinfang district has 2 towns and 6 subdistrict offices under its administration, and its population is 159,000.. Three oversize enterprises including Hafei, Dongan and Dongqing are the bases for airplanes, cars, motors and magnesium alloy processing famous at home and abroad.

Songbei district is located on the northern side of Songhua River in Harbin. It has been under the administration of Harbin since 2003. Songbei is the important scenic area of Harbin, covering an area of 736.3 km2, among which the urban area is 25.5 km2. Songbei district has 5 towns and 2 subdistrict offices under its administration, and its population is 205,000.

Hulan district is located in the north of Harbin, and it is one of the five towns exploited early in Heilongjiang Province, with a history of 271 years. In 2003, the county is removed to establish the district. The whole district covers an area of 2,197 km2. Hulan district has 3 townships and 10 towns under its administration, and its population is 622,000.

Acheng district is on the Achi River, 23km southeast of Harbin. It is the early capital of Qing dynasty. Acheng district covers an area of 2,814 k㎡, among which the urban area is 56.54 k㎡. Acheng district has 6 towns and 4 townships, 108 administrative villages, and 9 subdistrict offices under its administration, and its population is 583,000.

Shuangcheng district is located in the southwest of Harbin, and in the middle part of Songnen plain. It is an important district of Harbin city, with developed agricultural economy. The whole district covers an area of 3,112.3k㎡. Shuangcheng district has 9 towns, 15 townships and 246 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 813,000.

◆The two county-level cities are Shangzhi city and Wuchang city.

Shangzhi city is named after Zhao Shang Zhi, an anti-Japanese hero. It is located in the southeast of Harbin, at the west foot of Zhangguangcai ridge, 124 km away from the city proper of Harbin. The whole area is 9,000k㎡. Shangzhi city has 10 towns and 7 townships and 161 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 614,000.

Wuchang city is located in the south of Harbin, about 115km away from Harbin city proper, joining to Songnen Plain to the north, bordering on Zhangguangcai ridge to the southeast, with rich resources. The whole city covers an area of 7,512 k㎡. Wuchang city has 11 towns, 13 townships and 260 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 980,000.

◆The 7 counties are Yilan county, Fangzheng county, Binxian county, Bayan county, Mulan county, Tonghe county and Yanshou county respectively.

Yilan county is situated in the down reach of the Songhua River in Harbin Section. It is a famous historical and cultural city in Heilongjiang Province. The Wuguo Town is the place where Songhuizong and Songqinzong "looked at the sky from the bottom of a well". The whole County covers an area of 4,616 k㎡. Yilan County has 6 towns, 3 townships and 132 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 401,000.

Fangzheng county is situated in the east of Harbin, on the northwest foot of Zhangguangcai ridge, and on the south side of the middle reach of Songhua River. It is the home of Chinese Selenium-Rich Rice. Therefore, it enjoys the beautiful reputation of "small region of the Yangtze River in the north of the Great Wall, the home of rice and fish in Heilongjiang”. The whole county covers an area of more than 3,000 k㎡. Fangzheng County has 3 towns, 5 townships and 67 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 221,000.

Binxian county is situated on the southern side of the Songhua River, and at the conjunction of Zhangguangcai Ridge and Songjiang Plain. It is the satellite city of Harbin, with advanced economy. Binxian County has 12 towns, 5 townships and 143 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 620,000.

Bayan county is situated on the northern side of the middle reach of the Songhua River, and in the backland of Songnen Plain. It is the birthplace of the Jurchen, and its agriculture is advanced. The whole county covers an area of 3,137.7 km2. Bayan county has 10 towns, 8 townships and 116 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 697,000.

Mulan county is situated on the northern side of the Songhua River in Harbin Section, surrounded on three sides by mountains and one side by water, with rich natural resources. The targets and wicker products produced here enjoy international reputation. The whole county an area of covers 3,179 k㎡.Mulan county has 6 towns, 2 townships and 84 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 272,000.

Tonghe county is situated on the northern side of the middle reach of the Songhua River, and on the south foot of the Small Xingan Mountain, with rich resources and tourist landscape. The whole county covers an area of 5,676.5 k㎡. Tonghe county has 6 towns, 2 townships and 81 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 234,000.

Yanshou county is situated in the southeast of Harbin, on the southern side of the Songhua River, and to the west of Zhangguangcai ridge, with rich natural resources. The whole county covers an area of 3,149.55 k㎡. Yanshou county has 5 towns, 4 townships and 106 administrative villages under its administration, and its population is 267,000.